About The State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics

        The State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics, managed by the Department of Physics of Tsinghua University, was approved and accepted by the Ministry of Science and Technology in 2011 and 2013. The laboratory was founded in 1983 with an initial focus on atom and molecule studies. The founding father of the "2 bombs and 1 satellite", Daheng Wang, was the first director. In 2001. The lab soon became a key laboratory of the Ministry of Education, and its research was expanded to atomic and molecular physics and nanoscience. In 2007, the laboratory changed its name to The State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics.

        The lab director is Professor Yayu Wang and the academic advisory board director is academician Ze Zhang. Currently there are 83 members of the lab including 8 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

        With low-dimensional quantum physics as our target, the lab conducts research at the frontier of various fields in science and technology issues. Our main research divisions are: 1) Growth dynamics and fabrication of low dimensional quantum systems and materials. 2) Precision measurements under extreme conditions. 3) Novel quantum phenomena in low-dimensional quantum systems. 4) Theory and design of low dimensional quantum systems.

       The lab has also constructed 6 research platforms: Precision Quantum Transport, Precision Optical Measurement, Scanning Tunneling Microscope, Material Growth and Micro-fabrication, Theory and Numerical Simulation Center, and Superconducting Technology R&D Center. The lab has 39 pieces of equipments, and each of them more than 2 million CNY, including the electron-beam lithography system (EBL), ultra-low temperature scanning tunneling microscope (ULT-STM), low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope (LT-STM), dual frequency etching system, transmission electron microscope (TEM), low-temperature superconducting vacuum microscope, chemical vapor deposition system (CVD), semi-automatic nanoimprint lithography system, sputtering system, high-sensitivity magnetic field measurement system, ultra-high resolution scanning electron microscope (UHR-SEM). The total value of over-500 thousand CNY-equipments is 270 million CNY.