Piezomagnetism and noncollinear spin current without spin-orbital coupling

报告人: 刘军伟 (香港科技大学)

报告时间: 2023年9月20日 14:00

报告地点: 理科楼C302

报告摘要:In this talk, I will take our recently proposed new type of spin-valley locking (SVL), named C-paired SVL, in antiferromagnetic systems. It directly connects the spin/valley space with the real space, and hence enables both static and dynamical controls of spin and valley to realize a multifunctional antiferromagnetic material. The new emergent quantum degree of freedom in the C-paired SVL is comprised of spin-polarized valleys related by a crystal symmetry instead of the time-reversal symmetry. Thus, both spin and valley can be accessed by simply breaking the corresponding crystal symmetry. Typically, one can use a strain field to induce a large net valley polarization/magnetization and use a charge current to generate a large noncollinear spin current. We predict the realization of the C-paired SVL in monolayer V2Se2O, which indeed exhibits giant piezomagnetism and can generate a large transverse spin current. Based on symmetry analysis and first-principles calculations, we also found C-paired SVL can exist in the following experimentally verified AFM materials, NaOsO3, LaMnO3, LaCrO3, TbFeO3, MnTe, RuO2, MnF2, FeF2, CoF2, and NiF2. All these predicted phenomena have been confirmed in recent experiments in RuO2 and MnTe. Our findings provide new opportunities to integrate various controls of spin and valley with nonvolatile information storage in a single material, which is highly desirable for versatile fundamental research and device applications.

Reference: Nature Communications 12, 2846 (2021)

报告人简介:Prof. Junwei Liu obtained his PhD in the department of physics, Tsinghua University, in 2014, and then he started his postdoctoral research in Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He joined Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in 2017 (https://iascqt.hkust.edu.hk/junwei-liu). Prof. Liu has a very broad interest in condensed matter physics and quantum physics, varying from the traditional phenomena like ferroelectricity and magnetism to the exotic topological phases like quantum spin Hall insulators. Currently, his research focuses on two parts: 1) explore new phase of quantum matter including both symmetry-breaking phases and topological phases, and their novel properties, material realizations, experimental signatures and potential applications; 2) combination of advanced machine learning techniques and quantum physics, especially the combination of machine learning techniques and quantum Monte Carlo simulations and all optical neural networks.