Experimental Exploration of Deconfined Quantum Criticality

报告人: 于伟强 (中国人民大学物理学系)

报告时间: 2023年6月15日 14:30

报告地点: 理科楼C302

报告摘要:Landau theory predicts no continuous quantum phase transition between two symmetry breaking states. However, in recent years, many-body computation based on some specifically designed models seems to support the existence of second-order phase transitions through deconfined quantum critical points (DQCP). The DQCP, if exists, should also be accompanied with enhanced symmetries and fractional excitations [1]. Experimentally, evidence of DQCP has not been found previously.

Here I report our experimental investigation of DQCP on a spin-frustrated Shastry-Sutherland material SrCu2(BO3)2 [2], through high-pressure, high-field, and ultra-low temperature NMR studies. In support of a phase transition from a dimerized state (DS) to a plaquette singlet (PS) state [3,4,5], we established spectroscopic evidence of a full-plaquette (FP) singlet state under pressure. At pressures of 2.1 GPa and 2.4 GPa, field-induced, weak first-order quantum phase transitions emerge from the PS to the antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, with the coexistence temperature of two phases as low as 0.07 K and decreasing with pressure; Duality in transition temperatures of both phases by the same power-law scaling with field, and a quantum critical scaling behavior in low-energy spin dynamics are also established; further numerical simulations also support an enhanced O(3) symmetry at the quantum phase transition. These results [6] reveal the first experimental existence of a proximate DQCP, and provides a concrete platform for further investigation of related physics.


[1] R. R. P. Singh, Physics, 3, 35 (2010).

[2] H. Kageyama, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3168 (1999).

[3] M. E. Zayed, et al., Nat. Phys. 13, 962 (2017).

[4] J. Guo, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 206602 (2020).

[5] J. Larrea Jimenez, et al., Nature 592, 370 (2021).

[6] Y. Cui et al., Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.adc9487.