Spin-based quantum information processing

报告人: 彭新华 (中国科技大学)

报告时间: 2016年11月03日 16:00

报告地点: 郑裕彤讲堂

摘要:As nanotechnology progresses towards the atomic scale, quantum effects will become unavoidable. However, this is not always a nuisance. On the contrary, using quantum resources can make possible surprising improvements in the efficiency over its classical counterpart. For example, quantum information processors (QIPs) use the laws of quantum mechanics for computation, communication, and information storage. Spins feature prominently in most condensed matter proposals for QIPs, either directly being used as computational or storage qubits, or being important sources of decoherence.

   In this talk, I will introduce the basics of spin-based quantum information processing by nuclear magnetic resonance, report our experimental progresses on quantum algorithms and quantum simulations, and discuss current, proposed roles and future directions for nuclear magnetic resonance-based QIP. In more details for our experiments, I will focus on solving the problem of integer factorization by quantum algorithms, and simulating exotic many-body quantum systems by quantum simulators. These experiments fully demonstrate the feasibility of small QIPs.

 

个人简历:彭新华,女,中国科学技术大学教授,国家杰出青年获得者。中国科学院“百人计划”引进,曾为洪堡学者,2003年获中国科学院武汉物理与数学研究所理学博士, 并获2003年度中国科学院院长优秀奖。在国内较早进入量子信息实验研究工作,从1998年来一直从事核磁共振量子信息处理的实验工作,主持和参与了国家自然科学基金面上项目、国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目课题多项科研项目、国家基金委重点项目、重大研究项目和国际合作项目等多项科研项目。在国际重要学术期刊上发表SCI论文64篇(Phys. Rev. Lett. 14篇),论文累计他引1500余次。研究成果入选2009年度中国高校十大科技进展; 2011年度“基于电子自旋与核自旋的量子计算实验研究”项目获教育部高校自然科学奖一等奖(排名第二); 2012年获得霍英东教育基金会第十三届高校青年教师奖。2013年获得中科院“中科院百人计划”终期评估优秀; 2015年获第十二届中国青年女科学家。